IMX Seminar Series - Topological Quasiparticles: Magnetic Skyrmions

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Event details

Date and time 23.11.2020 13:1514:15  
Place and room
Speaker Prof. Alex Hoffmann, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA
Category Conferences - Seminars

Magnetic skyrmions are topologically distinct spin textures and can be stable with quasi-particle like behavior.1  This makes them interesting for information technologies,2 where data is envisioned to be encoded in topological charges, instead of electronic charges as in conventional semiconducting devices.  Using magnetic multilayers we demonstrated that inhomogeneous charge currents allow the generation of skyrmions at room temperature in a process that is remarkably similar to the droplet formation in surface-tension driven fluid flows.3  Micromagnetic simulations reproduce key aspects of this transformation process and suggest a second mechanism at higher currents that does not rely on preexisting magnetic domain structures.4  Indeed, we demonstrated this second mechanism experimentally using non-magnetic point contacts.5  Using this approach, we demonstrated that the topological charge gives rise to a transverse motion on the skyrmions, i.e., the skyrmion Hall effect.6

This work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Materials Sciences and Engineering Division.

References:

  1. W. Jiang, et al., Phys. Rep. 2017, 704, 1–49.
  2. A. Hoffmann and S. D. Bader, Phys. Rev. Appl. 2015, 4, 047001-1–047001-18
  3. W. Jiang, et al., Science 2015, 349, 283–286.
  4. O. Heinonen, et al., Phys. Rev. B 2016, 93, 094407-1–094407-6.
  5. Z. Wang, et al., Phys. Rev. B 2019, 100, 184426-1–184426-9.
  6. W. Jiang, et al., Nature Phys. 2017, 13, 162–169.

 

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  • General public
  • Free

Organizer

  • Maartje Bastings & Harm-Anton Klok

Contact

  • Maartje Bastings & Harm-Anton Klok

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