Neuro-X seminar: Dr Iacopini, Modeling the social dynamics of contagion and discovery on complex networks

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Event details

Date 25.11.2022 10:0011:00  
Speaker Iacopo Iacopini
Location Online
Category Conferences - Seminars
Event Language English

Adoption processes in socio-technological systems have been widely studied both empirically and theoretically. In this talk, I will focus on network approaches that aim at capturing and modeling the fundamental mechanisms behind the social dynamics of adoption. The adoption of ideas, or behaviors, can be described both as an exploration dynamics on a network of ideas that individuals can adopt (or discover), and as contagion dynamics on a network of individuals influencing one another [1].
I will start by considering an individual (or a community) and model the dynamics of discovery as movements over an a priori existing network of interlinked concepts. Starting from the empirically observed dynamics of correlated novelties, I will present a reinforced-random-walk model [2] in which the exploration of an individual of the space of possible discoveries has the byproduct of influencing also the strengths of their connections. I will then move to interacting discovery processes [3] to investigate how social interactions contribute to the emergence of novelties, and explorers can exploit opportunities (possible discoveries) coming from their social contacts.
In the second part of the talk, I will consider a single idea, or behavior, and model its transmission from one individual to another, in an epidemic-like fashion. Recent evidence has shown that mechanisms of complex contagion can effectively capture the fundamental rules of social reinforcement and peer pressure characterizing social systems. Along this line, I'll discuss the idea of complex recovery [4], in which the social influence mechanism acts on the recovery rule rather than on the infection one. Yet, in social systems, interactions can occur in groups of three or more nodes that cannot be simply described in terms of dyads. Thus, I will expand the pairwise representation given by graphs in favor of a non-pairwise one [5, 6]. With this in mind, I will generalize two models of social contagion [7] and norm emergence [8], showing how the inclusion of these higher-order group interactions can dramatically alter the dynamics and lead to the emergence of novel phenomena, such as discontinuous transitions, critical mass effects, and minority takeover.
 
[1] Iacopini, I., & Latora, V. (2021). On the dual nature of adoption processes in complex networks. Frontiers in Physics, 9, 604102.
[2] Iacopini, I., Milojević, S., & Latora, V. (2018). Network dynamics of innovation processes. Physical Review Letters, 120(4), 048301.
[3] Iacopini, I., Di Bona, G., Ubaldi, E., Loreto, V., & Latora, V. (2020). Interacting discovery processes on complex networks. Physical Review Letters, 125(24), 248301.
[4] Iacopini, I., Schäfer, B., Arcaute, E., Beck, C., & Latora, V. (2020). Multilayer modeling of adoption dynamics in energy demand management. Chaos, 30(1), 013153.
[5] Battiston, F., Cencetti, G., Iacopini, I., Latora, V., ... & Petri, G. (2020). Networks beyond pairwise interactions: structure and dynamics. Physics Reports, 874, 1-92.
[6] Battiston, F., Amico, E., Barrat, A., Bianconi, ... & Petri, G. (2021). The physics of higher-order interactions in complex systems. Nature Physics, 17(10), 1093-1098.
[7] Iacopini, I., Petri, G., Barrat, A., & Latora, V. (2019). Simplicial models of social contagion. Nature Communications, 10(1), 1-9.
[8] Iacopini, I., Petri, G., Baronchelli, A., & Barrat, A. (2022). Group interactions modulate critical mass dynamics in social convention. Communications Physics, 5(1), 1-10.