Conferences - Seminars

09MAR
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  Friday 9 March 2018 12:00 - 13:30 ODY 4 03, VIP Room

Seminar by Prof. Megan MacGarvie, Boston University

By Prof. Megan MacGarvie, Boston University

"International Student Return Rates and Salary Differentials in STEM careers"

Abstract :
A large share of STEM doctoral recipients and those in the scientific workforce of the United States are not natives of the US. In this paper, we provide some of the first evidence on medium-term stay rates from a new longitudinal survey dataset on STEM PhDs from US institutions that for the first time includes scientists who have left the US. We ask what factors matter most for the retention of foreign graduates in the US, or conversely, for the countries seeking the return of their citizens educated abroad. We also estimate salary differentials between scientists and engineers who remain in the US and their observably similar peers in other countries, using visa status and macroeconomic factors as instrumental variables. We find that increases in income per capita, democratization, and spending on R&D in the home country are associated with higher return rates, but that there is little relationship between the ranking of an individual’s PhD institution and the probability of remaining in the US. Those who return home experience a substantial salary reduction on average, but after adjusting for purchasing power and individual and job characteristics, returnees to the highest-income home countries experience no significant salary penalty relative to those in the US. We also observe no difference in average salaries between non-natives in the US and native US citizens, after controlling for characteristics.
 

Organization College of Management of Technology

Contact cdm-seminars@epfl.ch

Accessibility General public

Admittance Free