Conferences - Seminars

31MAY
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  Wednesday 31 May 2017 16:30 - 17:30 BCH 2201

Structure prediction and computational materials discovery

By Prof. Chris Pickard
University of Cambridge
UK

The first principles computation of materials properties was once restricted to the investigation of a few structures at a time. The dramatic growth in the availability of computational resources now allows many thousands of computations to be performed independently and at the same time. One use of this power is to screen for novel or extreme materials, taking existing databases of crystal structures, or modifications of them, and computing their properties. While making use of existing knowledge of materials is an excellent starting point, in many cases, important structures are missing, not known, or even
readily accessible. This is particularly the case for materials under extreme conditions, non-crystalline material structure, such defects – point defects, interfaces, or surfaces – and nanostructures. To complement what we already know, it is essential to be able to make good, diverse and realistic, suggestions of possible structures at the atomic level. I will describe a straightforward approach to first principles structure prediction - Ab Initio Random Structure Searching (AIRSS)[1], and discuss applications from materials under extreme compression to grain boundary and interface structure determination[2].
[1] C. J. Pickard, and R. J. Needs, Journal of Physics-Condensed Matter, 23(5), 053201 (2011)
[2] G. Schusteritsch, and C. J. Pickard Phys. Rev. B90, 035424 (2014). 

 

Organization Prof. Ulrich Lorenz

Accessibility General public

Admittance Free

This event is internal