DLN: Attending to the ups and downs of Lewy body dementia: An exploration of cognitive fluctuations


Event details

Date 27.06.2023
Hour 12:1513:15
Speaker Prof John-Paul Taylor
Location Online
Category Conferences - Seminars
Event Language English

Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and Parkinson's disease dementia (PDD) share similarities in pathology and clinical presentation and come under the umbrella term of Lewy body dementias (LBD). Fluctuating cognition is a key symptom in LBD and manifests as altered levels of alertness and attention, with a marked difference between best and worst performance. Cognition and alertness can change over seconds or minutes to hours and days of obtundation. Cognitive fluctuations can have significant impacts on the quality of life of people with LBD as well as potentially contribute to the exacerbation of other transient symptoms including, for example, hallucinations and psychosis as well as making it difficult to measure cognitive effect size benefits in clinical trials of LBD.

However, this significant symptom in LBD is poorly understood. In my presentation I will discuss the phenomenology of cognitive fluctuations, how we can measure it clinically and limitations of these approaches. I will then outline the work of our group and others which has been focussed on unpicking the aetiological basis of cognitive fluctuations in LBD using a variety of imaging approaches (e.g. SPECT, sMRI, fMRI and EEG). I will then briefly explore future research directions.