EPFL BioE Talks SERIES "Reciprocal Activity as Constraints on the Biological Production of Work"


Event details

Date 27.05.2024
Hour 12:1513:15
Speaker Prof. Michael Murrell, Laboratory for Living Matter, Systems Biology Institute, Yale University, New Haven, CT (US)
Location Online
Category Conferences - Seminars
Event Language English
WEEKLY EPFL BIOE TALKS SERIES (sandwiches provided)

On small length-scales, the mechanics of soft materials may be dominated by their interfacial properties as opposed to their bulk properties.  These effects are described by equilibrium models of elasto-capillarity and wetting.  In these models, interfacial energies and bulk material properties are held constant.  However, in biological materials, including living cells and tissues, these properties are not constant, but are ‘actively’ regulated and driven far from thermodynamic equilibrium.  As a result, the constraints on work produced during the various physical behaviors of the cell are unknown.  Here, by measurement of elasto-capillary effects during cell adhesion, growth and motion, we demonstrate that interfacial and bulk parameters violate equilibrium constraints and exhibit anomalous effects, which depend upon a distance from equilibrium.  However, their anomalous properties are reciprocal, and thus in combination reliably define energetic constraints on the production of work arbitrarily far from equilibrium.  These results provide basic principles that govern biological assembly and behavior.

Michael Murrell received his BS at Johns Hopkins University, and his PhD at MIT.  He then had a joint postdoctoral fellowship between the Institute for Biophysical Dynamics at the University of Chicago, and the Institut Curie, in Paris, France. He now runs the Laboratory for Living Matter within the Systems Biology Institute at the Yale West Campus, as part of the Biomedical Engineering and Physics Departments.  His laboratory studies the non-equilibrium properties of biological systems, as well as designs and engineers novel bio-inspired materials.  His group comprises a diverse group of experimentalists, computational scientists and theorists all driven to understand some of the most fundamental questions in biophysics
When not in the lab she is in the kitchen experimenting with new protocols a.k.a. recipes or running by the nearest lake.

Zoom link (with one-time registration for the whole series) for attending remotely: https://go.epfl.ch/EPFLBioETalks

Instructions for 1st-year Ph.D. students who are under EDBB’s mandatory seminar attendance rule:
IN CASE you cannot attend in-person in the room, please make sure to
  1. send D. Reinhard a note well ahead of time (ideally before seminar day), informing that you plan to attend the talk online, and, during seminar:
  2. be signed in on Zoom with a recognizable user name (not any alias making it difficult or impossible to identify you).
Students attending the seminar in-person should collect a confirmation signature after the talk - please print your own signature sheet beforehand (71 kB pdf available for download here). IMPORTANTLY: hang on to this sheet as no signature record is being kept by anyone else!

Practical information

  • Informed public
  • Registration required