IEM Distinguished Lecturers Seminar: Exotic 2D Lateral Heterostructures and Optoelectronic Devices


Event details

Date 31.05.2024
Hour 13:1514:00
Speaker Prof. Prasana Kumar Sahoo, Quantum Materials & Device Research Lab (QMDrL), Materials Science Centre, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, India
Location Online
Category Conferences - Seminars
Event Language English
The seminar will take place in ELA 1 and will be simultaneously broadcasted in Neuchâtel Campus MC B1 273.

Coffee and cookies will be served from 13:00 next to ELA 1.


Atomically thin layered materials such as graphene and transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) have opened a new and rich field with exotic physical properties and exciting potential applications in the “flatland”.1-9 There are enormous possibilities in combining diverse 2D materials for the unique design of ultra-smart and flexible optoelectronic devices, including transistors, light-emitting diodes, photovoltaics, photodetectors, and quantum emitters. Considerable efforts have been devoted to the van der Waals vertical hetero-integration of different 2D layered materials. On the other hand, lateral heterostructure can be fabricated only via direct growth. It can offer exciting opportunities for engineering the formation, confinement, and transport of electrons, holes, exciton, phonon, and polariton. We reported the direct fabrication of seamless, high-quality TMDs lateral heterostructures and superlattices in the chemical-vapor-deposition process, only changing the reactive gas environment in the presence of water vapor.1-5 Our novel approach offers greater flexibility for the continuous growth of multi-junction TMDs lateral heterostructures/superlattices, controlled 1D interfaces, alloying, and layer numbers. The extent of the spatial modulation of individual TMD domains and their optical and electronic transition characteristics across the heterojunctions are studied in detail. Electrical transport measurements revealed diode behaviour across the 2D lateral junctions, promising for electroluminescence at room temperature.2-3 Using photon energy-resolved photoconductivity mapping, long-term carrier accumulation in MoS2-WS2 lateral heterostructures was observed.5 At the onset of photo-excitation, local carrier density was increased by two orders of magnitude and persisted for up to several days. Temperature-dependent photoluminescence from neutral exciton, trion, and defect-bound exciton provides a better understanding of the optical properties of these as-grown 2D lateral heterostructures. These studies will further supplement the quantitative evaluation of the optical properties of various 2D heterostructures to develop more complex and atomically thin superlattices and exotic 2D quantum devices.

Furthermore, the performance of most 2D heterostructure-based devices falls far below the predicted values owing to several intrinsic and extrinsic factors. These significant issues will also be discussed.

  1. P. K. Sahoo et al., Nature, 553, 63–67 (2018)
  2. P. K. Sahoo et al., ACS Nano 13, 12372 (2019)
  3. F. Nugera et al. Small 2106600, 1 (2022)
  4. Sousa et al. 2D Matererial 8, 035051 (2021)
  5. S. Berweger et al. ACS Nano 14, 14080 (2020)
  6. S. Chakraborty et al. iScience (2022)
  7. C. Stevens et al., Nature Comm. 9, 3720 (2018)
  8. M. Trushin et al. Phy. Rev. Lett. 125, 086803 (2020)

Short biography
Prof. P. K. Sahoo, an assistant professor at the Materials Science Centre, IIT Kharagpur, is an experimental condensed matter physicist with broad experience studying different low-dimensional materials. He obtained a Ph.D. in Physics from Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI)- a grant-in-aided institute of the Department of Atomic Energy, Govt. of India. He spent several years at the University of Cambridge, UK, the University of South Florida, USA and the State University of Campinas, Brazil. Dr. Sahoo’s work covered various areas of semiconductors, including 2D materials and heterostructures (graphene and beyond), group III-V-based semiconductor nanowires, and sensors. His current research focuses on exploring and understanding exotic 2D materials and their heterostructures. He exploits a combination of materials synthesis, heterostructuring, spectroscopic characterization, and device fabrication for physicochemical properties assessment, which has fundamental and a wide range of technological implications for future optoelectronics and quantum technology.