Towards efficient large scale electricity storage with an integrated Ni-Fe battery and electrolyser
|Date and time||23.11.2017 – 10:30 › 11:30|
|Place and room|
|Speaker||Fokko Mulder Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Applies Sciences, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands|
|Category||Conferences - Seminars|
Grid scale electricity storage on daily and seasonal time scales is required to accommodate increasing amounts of renewable electricity from wind and solar power. The proposal for electricity storage that emerges is that storage in batteries is efficient for the short term while storage in hydrogen based fuels is required for the long term. Towards the realization of that goal a novel approach is taken to battery storage in the form of an integrated battery-electrolyser (‘battolyser’) that efficiently stores electricity as a nickel–iron battery and can split water into hydrogen and oxygen as an alkaline electrolyser. During charge insertion the Ni(OH)2 and Fe(OH)2 electrodes form nanostructured NiOOH and reduced Fe, which subsequently act as efficient oxygen and hydrogen evolution catalysts respectively.
Our results demonstrate a remarkable constant and a high overall energy efficiency (80–90%), enhanced electrode storage density, fast current switching capabilities, and a general stable performance during intensive long term tests, all without using noble metals.
As a next step the proposal is to store the hydrogen in the form of liquid ammonia, which can be used as fuel for the production of electricity, and which would enable the full decarbonisation of the electricity sector. A short description of the feasibility of such approach will be discussed.